A prophetic type in the Hebrew Scriptures is a kind of historical parable of what
will happen in the future; hidden revelations of the promised Messiah and of all
the events, players and meanings of His first and second comings.
“To you has been given the mystery of the kingdom of God, but those who are outside
get everything in parables.” Mark 4:11.
“And through the prophets I gave parables.” Hosea 12:10.
Parables and prophetic types hide the mysteries of God from the world and reveal
them to believers through the Holy Spirit.
“But we speak God’s wisdom in a mystery... the wisdom which none of the rulers of
this age has understood…For to us God revealed them through the Spirit.” I Corinthians
A Biblical parable has three primary purposes:
1. To hide a mystery
2. To reveal a mystery
3. To explain a mystery
The New Testament is full of references to prophetic types from the Hebrew Scriptures
that reveal and explain the mysteries of Christ: Jonah’s story as a picture of the
death and resurrection of Jesus, the sacrifices of the Temple as a picture of Jesus
the Lamb of God, Melchizedek as a picture of Jesus our High Priest, David as a picture
of Jesus the eternal King, and the days of Lot as a picture of the Last Days.
The prophetic types in the Hebrew Scriptures can be a treasure chest of revelation
to explain and confirm many of the mysteries of Last Days prophecy. They are also
a powerful way to settle disagreements over important Last Days doctrines such as
the timing of the Rapture and whether the Church will be here during the Tribulation.
The deeper meanings of prophetic events can also be understood more clearly through
these symbolic pictures. They go a long way to answer not just what will happen but
why they must happen as they will.
The Battle of Jericho: a perfect picture of the Tribulation
Over fourteen hundred years before John wrote the book of Revelation, the famous
battle of Jericho took place in Israel. The account of this battle in the book of
Joshua is a prophetic parable that pictures the Seven Seals and Seven Trumpets of
Revelation in perfect parallel.
After wandering for 40 years in the desert, the nation of Israel is poised on the
banks of the Jordan River to enter into the Promised Land. The fortress of Jericho
is the first obstacle they must face before they can begin their conquest of Canaan.
Joshua sends two men to spy out the city. A prostitute named Rahab hides the two
from the king of Jericho in her inn that sits on the wall. Before they make their
escape, they tell Rahab to hang a red cord from her window so the Israelites will
know not to harm her and her family when the city falls.
God tells Joshua to have the priests march around the city with the Ark of the Covenant
once a day for six days, blowing trumpets on each march. He also instructs them to
march around the city seven times on the seventh day, blowing trumpets each time
as well. When the seventh trumpet is sounded on the seventh day, the people give
a shout and the walls of Jericho fall down. The city is then put to the sword and
Joshua sends the two spies back in to escort Rahab and her family safely out.
Joshua: a prophetic type of Christ
Joshua is what is known as a Messianic type. This is a person in the Hebrew Scriptures
who is in some ways, a prophetic picture of Jesus Christ. Some of the better known
Messianic types of the Hebrew Scriptures are Isaac, Joseph, Moses, David, and even
Jonah. Stories from these men’s lives often foreshadowed some aspects of the future
Messiah’s life, of His first or second coming.
Joshua foreshadows Christ who will conquer the Promised Land for Israel when He returns.
Jericho is a type of the kingdom of the world under the reign of satan. The seven
marches of the battle of Jericho picture the seven seals described in Revelation.
Just as Jericho is encircled seven times on the seventh day, with seven trumpets
sounded each time, seven trumpets will sound during the Seventh Seal of the Tribulation.
When the Seventh and last Trumpet is sounded at the end of the Tribulation, the kingdom
of the world will become the Kingdom of the Lord and His Christ (Revelation 11:15).
Rahab, a prophetic type of the Church
Rahab is a gentile bride type, which is a gentile woman in Israel’s history who comes
to faith in the God of Israel and marries a man who is a type of the Messiah. When
Rebecca marries Isaac, she became a type of the Gentile Bride, the Church; the same
as the Egyptian Asenath who married Joseph, the Midianite Zipporah who married Moses
and the Moabite Ruth who married Boaz. At the seventh trumpet on the seventh day
when the walls of Jericho fall down with a shout, the city became Israel’s, and Rahab
is taken safely out just as the Lord Jesus will descend with a shout of the archangel
at the last trumpet to rapture the Church (I Thessalonians 4:15-17). Any believer
who cares to examine this story fully and objectively as a prophetic type of the
Rapture can arrive at only one conclusion: It clearly illustrates a Seventh Trumpet
Rapture of the Church and destroys the pre-Tribulation rapture theory.
The story of Rahab is irrefutable proof of the Seventh Trumpet Rapture
We could probably stop here with this book, because what other proof do we need of
a Seventh Trumpet, post-Tribulation rapture of the Church? But for those who demand
even more Biblical evidence, they certainly can be obliged, because there is so much
more in the Scriptures that builds an overwhelming case.
Giving prophetic types short shrift
It is ironic that some Darbyists actually point to this story as evidence for a pre-Tribulation
rapture. They insist that because Rahab was taken out before the destruction of Jericho,
that shows the Church will be taken out of the world before the Tribulation. They
correctly understand the story as a metaphor for the Tribulation period, but seem
oblivious to the meaning of the fact that Rahab is not taken out until after the
seventh trumpet on the seventh day. They rarely, if ever, mention this, a classic
case of cherry picking. If the battle of Jericho were a prophetic picture of a pre-Tribulation
rapture, Rahab would have to be taken out before the seven marches even began. When
studying prophetic types, the key to understanding them is often in the details.
The details of the entire prophetic picture must be considered, and nothing should
be deliberately ignored or capriciously thrown out because it doesn’t fit some ill-conceived
theory. We all make mistakes but some mistakes may prove to be extremely costly some
day if not corrected soon enough.
A summary of the prophetic types of the battle of Jericho
1. Joshua is a type of Jesus
2. Rahab is a type of the Church
3. Jericho is a type of the Kingdom of the World under the beast
4. The battle of Jericho is a type of the Tribulation
5. The seven marches and the seven trumpets on the seventh day are a type of the
Seven Seals and Seven Trumpets of Revelation
6. Rahab’s escort out of the city after the seventh trumpet and the shout is a type
of the Seventh Trumpet Rapture of the Church at Christ’s return
7. The destruction of Jericho is a type of the Seven Bowls of God’s Wrath on the
Day of the Lord
What the story of the battle of Jericho can tell us about the Rapture and Second
The rapture of the Church will happen at the Seventh Trumpet when Christ returns
after the Seven Seals at the end of the seven year Tribulation. The Church will be
here during the entire Tribulation but will be taken out of the world before the
Seven Bowls of God’s Wrath is poured out on the Day of the Lord.